What is Cellosis?
(April 2, 2010; updated January 13, 2011,
December 13, 2011)

Cellosis (also known as "type 2 diabetes"
and "adult onset diabetes", as well as
non-insulin-dependent diabetes
*) 

* Pancreas able to produce insulin, but in an
   insufficient amount to overcome cells' insulin
   resistance - in about 25% of Americans with
   Cellosis, insulin must be injected or, in rare
   cases, pumped as part of the treatment regi-
   men which also includes diet, exercise, and
   in many cases, oral medication

Cellosis Overview / Description

The Cell being referred to is the small mass of protoplasm
bounded by semipermeable membrane, capable of per-
forming fundamental functions of life.

The osis part of the new word :
 http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/osis

-osis

a suffix occurring in nouns that denote actions, conditions,
or states, esp. disorders or abnormal states.

In persons with Cellosis, the body's cells do not respond
correctly to Insulin. This is called Insulin Resistance. Insulin
Resistance means that fat, liver, and muscle cells do not
respond normally to Insulin. As a result blood sugar does
not get into cells to be stored for energy as it did prior to
the onset of Cellosis.

Cellosis typically starts out with Insulin Resistance, and
persons impacted initially produce Insulin in proper
amounts, it's just that the cells' ability to use the Insulin
to produce energy begins to be resisted. If the disease
continues without steps to decrease the Insulin Resistance
through diet, exercise, and/or medications, a persons'
ability to produce enough Insulin will diminish, their
glucose levels will rise, and over time, if undiagnosed
and/or if adequate counter measures aren't taken, serious
medical consequences will occur.

Treatments for Persons With Cellosis 

Reference:
  http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000313.htm

Some of the most common types of medication to address
Cellosis are listed below. Note -- None of these medica-
tions can be used to address Insulinitis.

  Biguanides (Metformin) tell the liver to produce less
  glucose and help muscle and fat cells and the liver
  absorb more glucose from the bloodstream. This
  lowers blood sugar levels.

  Sulfonylureas (like glimepiride, glyburide, and tolaza-
  mide) trigger the pancreas to make more insulin. They
  are taken by mouth.

  Thiazolidinediones (such as rosiglitazone) help muscle
  and fat cells and the liver absorb more blood sugar when
  insulin is present. Rosiglitazone may increase the risk
  of heart problems. Talk to your doctor.

  Injectible medications (including exenatide and pramlin-
  tide) can lower blood sugar.

  Meglitinides (including repaglinide and nateglinide) trigger
  the pancreas to make more insulin in response to the
  level of glucose in the blood.

  Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (such as acarbose) decrease
  the absorption of carbohydrates from the digestive tract
  to lower after-meal glucose levels.

If Cellosis isn't countered by diet, exercise, or any of the
medications listed above (or by other medications, or by
surgery - see below), to reduce the chances of medical
complications, Insulin must be injected to supplement the
Insulin which persons with Cellosis continue to automatic-
ally release. Insulin cannot be taken by mouth (not yet,
anyway, though research into both inhaled -and- oral
Insulin is in development, and if developed, would be
available to persons with Insulinitis and to persons with
Cellosis).

- - -

Summary - Insulinitis compared to Cellosis

Age of Onset:

     Typically, Insulinitis occurs to children, although it can
     occur to babies and adults. I got Insulinitis when I was
     5 years old.

     Typically, Cellosis occurs to adults, although it can
     occur to children.

Causality:

     Insulinitis is genetically caused, with the pancreas
     stopping the production of Insulin.

     Cellosis may entail genetic and/or lifestyle and/or age
     causality, with risks increasing as persons gain weight
     and as they age, with cells resisting the Insulin which
     continues to be automatically produced in persons
     with Cellosis.

Treatment:

     Insulinitis requires injection with Insulin (most often
     multiple times per day - I typically take 6 shots per
     day, though sometimes I only take 4 or 5, depending
     on bedtime glucose level) or delivery via a pump.

     Cellosis is dealt with by diet, exercise, and medica-
     tions which cannot be used by persons with Insulinitis.
     If those methods fail, Insulin must also be injected to
     supplement the Insulin which persons with Cellosis
     continue to automatically release.

Possible Cures:

     Insulinitis currently has no cure. Methods being
     researched include a closed loop artificial pancreas,
     a pancreas transplant, an islet cell transplant, stem
     cell research, leptin, and other areas.

     Cellosis can go into remission in some cases, with
     diet, exercise, medications, and the following may
     also be in play when the condition is caused by
     excessive weight.
       http://tinyurl.com/surgerymaycurecellosis
     Excerpt: ... 83% of patients experience a complete
     remission of type 2 diabetes after gastric bypass
     surgery ...

- - -

People with Cellosis (formerly known as
"type 2 diabetics" or "diabetics").

- - -

References:

Diabetes Bubble / Diabetes Bubble Burst
  http://tinyurl.com/diabetesbubble

Table : Nature of the Diabetes Name / Names
Problems and the Solution
  http://tinyurl.com/diabetesnewnames1

What is Insulinitis?
  http://prohuman.net/insulinitis.htm

Control (new / unique / detailed perspective)
  http://prohuman.net/control.htm

C.ure I.nsulinitis A.ssociation

  http://prohuman.net/cureinsulinitisassociation.htm

What is Cellosis?
  http://prohuman.net/cellosis.htm

Reasoning for Using Insulinitis and Cellosis
  http://tinyurl.com/reasons-insulinitis-cellosis

What is Diminosis?
  http://prohuman.net/diminosis.htm

- – -

Graphics:

Insulinitis — Glucose Tests
  http://tinyurl.com/glucosetests1

Insulinitis — Insulin
  http://tinyurl.com/insulin-overview

Insulinitis — Significant Short-Term Risks
  http://tinyurl.com/insulinitis-risks

- - -

Other support for name changes for the diabetes /
diabetic core words and all the associated lingo
attached to those words (requires being logged
into google):
  http://tinyurl.com/diabetesnewnames2

Reasons to keep things the way they are (i.e., to
support the current milieu of diabetes / diabetic
core words and all the associated lingo attached
to those words (requires being logged into google):
  http://tinyurl.com/usingdiabetesword-words

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