So-called 'sin' / myths / foundations of religions
(Top Posts - Distance From Belief
in theism - 061309)

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Someone wrote in reply to my sig:

> Nothing in your sig can free anyone from their sin. 
> Only Jesus, by faith, can do this.  "Neither is there
> salvation in any other: for there is none other name
> under heaven given among men, whereby we must
> be saved." Acts 4:12

The foundations of all religions are deeply steeped in myth,
'sin' being just one among the multitude of myths, spun in
christianity to equate with anti-god, wrong, evil, supposed
justification for immortal torment or oblivion after short-term
torture (threatened against everyone who commits the so-
called ultimate 'sin' of lacking belief or disbelieving or doubt-
ing), etc.

Sin (mythology)


Nanna's chief sanctuary at Ur was named E-gish-shir-gal
("house of the great light"). Sin (later to be equated with
Nanna) had a sanctuary at Harran named E-khul-khul
("house of joys"). On cylinder seals, he is represented as
an old man with a flowing beard and the crescent as his
symbol. In the astral-theological system he is represented
by the number 30 and the moon, symbolic of the moon's
crescent that often appears next to him in Mesopotamian
cylinder seals.


The tendency to centralize the powers of the universe leads
to the establishment of the doctrine of a triad consisting of
Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar, respectively personifying the moon,
the sun, and the planet Venus.

- - -
Impression of the cylinder seal of Hashamer, patesi (high
priest) of Sin at Iskun-Sin, ca. 2100 BC. The seated figure
is probably Ur-Nammu, bestowing the governorship on
Hashamer who is led before him by a lamma. Sin himself
is present in the form of a crescent.
- - -

He was named Sin in Babylonia and Assyria, and was also
worshipped in Harran. Sin had a beard made of lapis lazu-
liand rode on a winged bull. His wife was Ningal ("Great
Lady"), who bore him Utu ("Sun") and Inanna (Inanna is
recognized as being the Sumerian name for Ishtar). His
symbols are the crescent moon, the bull (through his father,
Enlil, "Bull of Heaven"), and the tripod (which may be a

An important Sumerian text ("Enlil and Ninlil") tells of the
descent of Enlil and Ninlil (pregnant with Nanna/Suen) into
the underworld. There, three "substitutions" are given to
allow the ascent of Nanna/Suen. The story shows some
similarities to the text known as "The Descent of Inanna".

Seats of Sin's worship

The two chief seats of Sin's worship were Ur in the south,
and Harran to the north. The cult of Sin spread to other
centers, and temples of the moon-god are found in all the
large cities of Babylonia and Assyria.

He is commonly designated as En-zu, or "lord of wisdom."
During the period (c.2600-2400 BC) that Ur exercised
a large measure of supremacy over the Euphrates valley,
Sin was naturally regarded as the head of the pantheon. It
is to this period that we must trace such designations of
Sin as "father of the gods", "chief of the gods", "creator
of all things", and the like.

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