Nuremberg Trials / Christianity / Holocaust (4 of 4)
(Top Posts - History - 092502)

Hitler Youth ...
http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/hitleryouth/hj-prelude.htm

Excerpts:

... Many leaders among the conservative and nationalist
youth groups willingly joined ranks with the Hitler Youth.

Others, such as the Communist and Jewish youth organ-
izations were quickly disbanded.

Various Protestant groups were pressured by the Nazis
to join and soon yielded.

Offices of the Socialist Workers' Youth were also raided.

Other groups were prevented from holding any gatherings
by order of the police and Nazi storm troopers under the
pretext of being a "public nuisance."

Within months, most of the competing political and religious
youth organizations in Germany vanished.

The only major holdout was the Catholic Youth Organization
due in part to the international clout of the Church and an
agreement (Concordat) that had been signed between the
Vatican and Hitler's government protecting Catholic institu-
tions in Germany.

In Catholic sections of Germany, high ranking Nazis could
still be found at Sunday mass along with groups of Hitler
Youth in uniform and Hitler Youths serving at the altar wear-
ing their uniforms beneath altar boy robes.

... Racial indoctrination in the classroom included teaching
young children how to spot a Jew by describing the physical
traits which Nazis believed were associated with inferior peo-
ples. In some classrooms, where Jews were still present,
a Jewish child would be brought to the front of the class as
an example. The teacher would then use a pointer, highlight-
ing certain facial characteristics.

Hitler Youth songs also contained anti-Semitic lyrics including
one song that said: "Yes, when the Jewish blood splashes
from the knives, things will go twice as well."

Lowered Educational Standards

Throughout Germany, the entire teaching profession all the
way up to university level had been purged of Jewish pro-
fessors and anyone deemed politically unreliable regard-
less of their proven teaching abilities or achievements, in-
cluding Nobel Prize recipients.

... Over the years, the Hitler Youth organization would gradu-
ally supplant the traditional elementary and secondary school
system and become the main force educating German youth.

And the quality of that education would get worse.

Students emerging from the elite Adolf Hitler Schools were
in superb physical condition and thoroughly drilled in Nazi
ideology, but lacked basic skills in math and science. Biol-
ogy, for example, had been completely corrupted to advance
Nazi racial doctrine.

Under Hitler, a school system that had once been considered
among the finest in the world, became substandard almost
overnight. Nazi scientists, educated before Hitler, would later
complain they were partially hindered in developing new super
weapons by the recruitment of young graduates from the elite
Nazi schools.

In 1936, all of the Catholic parochial and Protestant denomin-
ational schools were abolished. Church holy days which had
usually meant a day off from school were now ignored and
classroom prayers were banned. Celebrations of Christmas
and Easter were discouraged, replaced by pre-Christian Yule
or Solstice celebrations. The Nazis later forced teachers to
renounce any affiliation with professional church organizations.

... On April 20, Hitler's birthday, a ceremony was held inside
the ancient Marienburg Castle of the Teutonic Order. Amid
the glow of torchlights, solemn beating of drums and fanfare
of trumpets, ten-year-old boys entered the Jungvolk by
swearing the following oath:

"In the presence of this blood banner which represents
our Führer, I swear to devote all my energies and my
strength to the saviour of our country, Adolf Hitler. I am
willing and ready to give up my life for him, so help me
God."

This was followed by the singing of the Hitler Youth anthem, the
Fahnenlied (Banner Song) written by Schirach.

... Mandatory Participation

On December 1, 1936, Hitler decreed "The Law concerning the
Hitler Youth" which mandated that all young Germans (excluding
Jews) would "be educated physically, intellectually and morally
in the spirit of National Socialism" though the Hitler Youth from
the age of ten onward.

This law also effectively ended the Catholic Youth Organization
which had managed to hold for three years amid continual Nazi
harassment.

... In November, Kristallnacht (the Night of Broken Glass) oc-
curred in which Nazi storm troopers, the SS and Hitler Youths
attacked Jews throughout the Reich. Police stood by and
crowds watched as Jews were beaten while their shops and
synagogues had their windows smashed and contents wrecked.
Special pleasure was taken in the desecration of sacred reli-
gious scrolls. Over 25,000 Jewish men between the ages of
18 and 65 were hauled off to concentration camps.

Local Hitler Youths participated in the violence voluntarily but
had not been officially instructed to do so. Schirach, on hearing
of the extent of their participation, called a meeting of all high
level group leaders and expressly forbade further participation
in such "criminal actions."

But the violence was just beginning. Germany was on the path
toward achieving Hitler's two main goals which he had stated
years earlier in Mein Kampf -- the forced acquisition of living
space to the east of Germany (resulting in World War II) and
destruction of 'international Jewry' (resulting in the Holocaust).

Many Hitler Youths now regarded Hitler as their Führer-god and
even recited prayers to him such as: "Führer, my Führer, give
me by God. Protect and preserve my life for long. You saved
Germany in time of need. I thank you for my daily bread. Be
with me for a long time, do not leave me, Führer, my Führer,
my faith, my light, Hail to my Führer!"

--- end excerpts ---

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pope Pius XII was pope during the holocaust, the pope of
controversy as regards WW II ...

WIRE: 06/24/2001 4:03 pm ET
Pope condemns Nazi massacres, says
Jews persecuted because of religion
http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20010624_597.html

Excerpt:

"KIEV, Ukraine (AP) Keeping up his tone of atonement
for Catholic inaction to stop the Holocaust, Pope John
Paul II on Sunday condemned Nazi massacres and said
Jews endured suffering and injustice throughout the ages
only because they were faithful to their religion.

The pope made his comments on the eve of a visit to Babi
Yar, a ravine where tens of thousands of Jews and others
were killed and buried in mass graves during the World
War II Nazi occupation of Ukraine.

...

In 1998, the Vatican issued a document asking forgiveness
for the cowardice of some Catholic nations and individuals
during the Holocaust and condemning anti-Semitism down
the centuries. But many Jewish leaders said the document
failed to apologize unequivocally for the church's role, and
it defended Pope Pius XII, who kept silent in the face of
reports of Nazi atrocities. ...

--- end excerpts ---

- - -

Vatican expresses sorrow over Holocaust,
defends wartime pope
http://cnn.co.uk/WORLD/9803/16/vatican.holocaust/index.html

Excerpt:

"Vatican expresses sorrow over Holocaust, defends
wartime pope: March 16, 1998 - The Vatican on Monday
made a landmark and long-awaited declaration on the
Holocaust, urging Roman Catholics to repent for past
errors but absolving wartime Pope Pius XII of charges
that he turned a blind eye to the Nazis' attempt to exterm-
inate the Jews. Critics of the church's action of that period
say Pope Pius XII failed to intervene to try to stop the
persecution of Jews."

--- end excerpt ---

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Nazi and German military illegality / murder / torture / activities /
plans / lawbreaking / genocide / theft / rape / etc. is documented
profusely via many means and methods. Nazi crimes / plans
against Christian churches (and German military actions against
all property and people, including places of worship, outside of
Germany) do not mitigate religious acquiescence to the Nazi /
German military pogrom against Jews, and the near-unanimity
of support for the anti-Judaic Nazi movement as established
with Hitler as the Dictator of Germany.

Hitler said he despised the Jews and the overwhelming Ger-
man nation of Christians embraced him knowing full well what
his ideology was. Where was the opposition of the Christians
to a devoted anti-Semite? Why did Christian Germany embrace
such a lunatic? Where were so-called "Christian values" when
all the Jews were being demonized / ostracized as the Nazis
rose to power?

Nazi activities to dominate all German life, including Christian
churches in Germany, does not mitigate against or atone for the
centuries-upon-centuries of Christian (led by Catholicism) anti-
Judaism which led up to the holocaust and other anti-human hor-
rors of WW II, among them the horrors that Nazi and German
military committed upon the Jews, handicapped, homosexual
men, Ukrainians, property, human lives (in war), prisoners, and
every aspect of humanity and human civilization that dared to
oppose / fight them.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

David Kertzer, the author of the referenced book in the
following, is a still-practicing Catholic who has researched
the question extensively as far as Catholic culpability for
the causality of the events which (over a period lasting
close to 1500 years, and of critical import in 19th and
early 20th century anti-Semitism) eventually resulted in
the holocaust:

- - -

... Vatican's Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism,
by David Kertzer (aka Unholy War)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0375406239

- - - begin excerpts - - -

... Kertzer's book refutes the Church's thesis that the
Holocaust grew out of "an anti-Judaism that was essen-
tially more sociological and political than religious."

In fact, Kertzer asserts, those dimensions of European
anti-Semitism developed "in no small part due to the
efforts of the Roman Catholic Church itself."

The racial laws of fascist Italy and the Nuremberg Laws
of 1930s Germany, for example, were directly modeled
on the Church's own rules governing treatment of Jews:
until the collapse of the Papal States in the late 19th cen-
tury, Jews living in these territories were forced to wear
yellow badges and live in ghettos. ...

- - - end excerpts - - -

---
Editorial note: Apparently, this book is marketed under the
title "Unholy War" in Great Britain [The Times - link no longer
readily available for the following, though it should be acces-
sible via The Times archive http://www.timesonline.co.uk/ ] ...
---

- - - begin excerpts - - -

Friday January 18 2002

Interview

Vatican's shameful secret

The Roman Catholic Church's endorsement of anti-
Semitism in the 19th century paved the way for the
Holocaust, says the historian David Kertzer

It is a sordid and shocking story, if true. The Roman
Catholic Church is accused of fuelling the rise of anti-
Semitism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Its own ghettos and anti-Jewish laws were models for
the Nazis.

The Vatican allowed Jewish children to be seized, separ-
ated from their parents and forced into the Catholic faith.

Its pet newspapers ran racist campaigns that are vile even
by the poisonous standards of the era. And its priests
enthusiastically endorsed and encouraged a revival of
the atrocious medieval accusation that Jews were ritually
murdering Christian priests and children.

To all this a succession of Popes --from Pius VII in
Napoleonic times to Pius XII, who negotiated a mutually
beneficial concordat with Hitler-- turned a blind eye.

Thus was the road to the Holocaust paved with godly
intentions.

... Kertzer thinks... The Holocaust was going to happen
anyway by the time he became Pope. The important point
is that anti-Semitism was nurtured by the Church for so
many centuries before that, making so many people sus-
ceptible to Nazi ideology.

... Kertzer looks first at the period, from the defeat of
Napoleon to the unification of Italy in 1870, when Jews
found themselves governed directly by the Church in the
Papal States. He finds that the Jews were subjected to
the same kind of official indignities that the Nazis later
imposed with their Nuremberg race laws.

They were confined to grotesquely crowded and cholera-
riddled ghettos, forced to wear yellow badges, forbidden
from doing business or consorting with Christians, publicly
humiliated during carnivals, compelled to listen to sermons
denouncing their faith, and frequently snatched by Inquisi-
tion hit-squads and sent to the infamous House of Cate-
chumens for a 40-day indoctrination designed to persuade
them into Christian baptism.

That makes gruesome enough reading. But it pales beside
what happened later in the 19th century, when the Church
was emasculated politically by the new Italian state and
felt itself besieged by the forces of modernity.

Perhaps to bolster its popularity with the restless working
classes, it started to depict the newly emancipated Jews
not only as rich, greedy capitalists but also (with a won-
drous lack of logic) as dangerous socialists, intent on
destabilising Christian society.

This was the period when Catholic priests enthusiastic-
ally distributed notorious fakes ... as evidence of a
Jewish plot for world domination. And it was also the
time when the Catholic press ... unleashed a flood of
vitriolic anti-Jewish articles.

... So repulsive was this propaganda that, as the Nazis
began to acquire power, some Catholic bishops took
steps to distance themselves from it. The Bishop of
Linz, for instance, issued a pastoral letter which de-
clared that "to hate the Jewish people . . . is inhuman
and unchristian."

Unfortunately, he didn't stop there. "It is beyond
doubt," he continued, "that many Jews exercise an
extremely pernicious influence in almost all sectors
of modern civilisation." He concludes, chillingly:
"One can only hope that Aryans and Christians will
increasingly come to recognise the dangers created
by the Jewish spirit and fight them more tenaciously."

With "denunciations" like that from the Church, the
Nazis had no need of endorsements.

But the worst anti-Semitic propaganda uncovered by
Kertzer surrounded the ghastly "blood libel" trials, in
which Jews were framed for the murder of Christians,
and accused of draining their victims' blood for Pass-
over rites.

"I was flabbergasted to discover that, until well into
the 20th century, Jews were still being accused of
ritual murder and the Church was not condemning
such an accusation," Kertzer says.

... Kertzer accepts that not all Catholics were anti-
Semitic, and that some boldly made their feelings
known to the Vatican. In the archives he found a letter
to the Pope written by Prince von Metternich, the
Austrian statesman, which complains that the Vati-
can's treatment of Jews was "no longer in harmony
with the times in which we live." That was in 1843.
Sadly, the Pope refused to budge.

Sixty years later, three distinguished English Catholics
--Cardinal Vaughan, Lord Russell (then the Chief
Justice) and the Duke of Norfolk-- similarly protested
to the Vatican about its continued tacit encouragement
of ritual murder accusations against Jews.

It was a brave and honourable gesture, but again it had
no effect. Indeed, Kertzer has discovered a series of
contemptuous notes in the Vatican archives which
describe the English Catholics as "poor dupes" who
have come under the influence of "the powerful Jews
in London" (ie, the Rothschild banking dynasty).

Kertzer chronicles one other notable attempt among
well-intentioned Catholics to change the Church's
attitude to Jews as the tide of anti-Semitism rose
throughout Europe. In 1926 a new Catholic associa-
tion called the Friends of Israel was formed in Rome.

Its founders argued that Jews should be treated with
respect, not stigmatised as "the slayers of Christ."

Within two years its membership included 3,000 Catho-
lic priests, 278 bishops and 19 cardinals.

But even this mild revolt was too much for the Vatican,
Kertzer says. In 1928, the Inquisition ruled that the
Friends of Israel was guilty of heresy, and closed the
organisation down.

... Pius XI is subject to some of Kertzer's most scathing
paragraphs. Before he became Pope he was sent as a
papal envoy to Poland. Violent anti-Semitic feelings were
being fuelled there by prominent Catholic clergy such as
the notorious Jozef Kruszynski, who in 1920 penned the
ominous words: "If the world is to be rid of the Jewish
scourge, it will be necessary to exterminate them, down
to the last one."

Yet, far from condemning such rabble-rousers, the future
Pope seems to have sympathised with them. His report
back to Rome includes the words: "One of the most evil
and strongest influences felt here is that of the Jews."
This is the view of the man who would be Pope during
the years when the Nazis came to power. ...

- - - end excerpts - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Further information on the leader of the German Reich,
and the position held by Nazis and others during the
period of time at issue:

All of the following material is from the following
web page: http://www.nobeliefs.com/Hitler1.htm

- - -

Hitler's religious beliefs and fanaticism (quotes from
Mein Kampf)
http://www.nobeliefs.com/hitler.htm

Hitler wrote: "I believe that I am acting in accordance
with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending
myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of
the Lord.." As a boy, Hitler attended to the Catholic
church and experienced the anti-Semitic attitude of
his culture. In his book, Mein Kampf, Hitler reveals
himself as a fanatical believer in God and country.

This text presents selected quotes from the infamous
anti-Semite himself.

- - -

The Christianity of Hitler revealed in his speeches
and proclamations
http://www.nobeliefs.com/speeches.htm

Hitler's own words reveal his feelings for God, Chris-
tianity and faith. Taken from speeches made by Hitler
from 1922 to 1939.

- - -

Hitler compared to God/Jesus/Christians
http://www.nobeliefs.com/hitlerchristian.htm

Hitler was not only a confessed Christian, but his intol-
erance and atrocities were consistent with Biblical scrip-
ture and he acted as other Christians of the past and
present.

- - -

Quotes from Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers
http://www.nobeliefs.com/henchmen.htm

A sample of quotes from Hitler's most powerful Nazis
and sympathizers and how they felt about Christianity,
Church and God.

- - -

Christianity in Europe during WWII
http://www.nobeliefs.com/ChurchesWWII.htm

The Catholic and Protestant Churches in Germany set
the foundation for WWII and the atrocities to occur.
Popes, priests and nuns supported Hitler's regime.
Indeed, Hitler could not have come to power without
Christianity's help.

- - -

Nazi photos
http://www.nobeliefs.com/nazis.htm

Photos showing the Christianity of Hitler and his Nazi's.

- - -

Hitler's Bible--Monumental History of Mankind
http://www.nobeliefs.com/HitlerBible.htm

- - -

Hitler's private notes show how the Bible influenced Hitler
http://www.nobeliefs.com/HitlerSources.htm

- - -

Hitler's table talk and other extraneous sources
http://www.nobeliefs.com/HitlerSources.htm

Those who use argue against Hitler's Christianity use
the Table-Talk as their main source. However, the reli-
ability of the source comes into question, nor does it
provide evidence against Hitler's own Christian beliefs,
even if valid.

- - - end excerpts - - -

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(end 4 of 4)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Reference - Posts in this series:

Nuremberg Trials / Christianity / Holocaust (1 of 4)

http://prohuman.net/history/nurembergtrials_christianity_holocaust1of4.htm

Nuremberg Trials / Christianity / Holocaust (2 of 4)
http://prohuman.net/history/nurembergtrials_christianity_holocaust2of4.htm

"This series of posts covers the causal factors and
history leading up to the anti-humanism invoked by
the Nazis (and oft-forgotten, many members of the
German military) ... posts 1 and 2 include excerpts
from the Nuremberg trials ..."

Nuremberg Trials / Christianity / Holocaust (3 of 4)
http://prohuman.net/history/nurembergtrials_christianity_holocaust3of4.htm
"Background providing a perspective on some of the
events at issue, documenting the transition of Hitler
from Catholic to the pseudo-'God' of Germany, by
near-unanimous affirmation by the non-Jews of pre-
dominantly Christian Germany ... The Night of Broken
Glass ..."

Nuremberg Trials / Christianity / Holocaust (4 of 4)
http://prohuman.net/history/nurembergtrials_christianity_holocaust4of4.htm
"Hitler Youth ... Pope Pius XII was pope during the
holocaust, the pope of controversy as regards WW II
... Vatican expresses sorrow over Holocaust, defends
wartime pope ... Vatican's Role in the Rise of Modern
Anti-Semitism ... Further information on the leader of
the German Reich, and the position held by Nazis and
others during the period of time at issue ..."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -