What did the 'big bang' bang into?
(Top Posts - Science - 071107)

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Compilation from multiple posts on 071107:

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Certainly, thinking outside the box can and
has led to many fascinating perspectives on
what, exactly, the nature of 'all' is.

The 'big bang', assumptions are that it banged
into a void, yet in the past 10 years, scientists
have discovered that bang isn't slowing down.
Instead, it's speeding up.

They refer to it as a force, the cause of the
speeding up, yet you rarely hear the question,
"What did the 'big bang' bang into?"

The standard presumption is that there was
nothing, a bang, and then everything. More
recently, scientists have theorized about
a before the big bang realm, and of many
dimensions possibly existing beyond the
-4- we're familiar with.

Multiple universes, also part of the possible
realm of the 'all'.

Cyclic universes, also part of the possible
realm of the all.

Infinite universes, infinite time, also part of
the possible realm of the all.

As for what the totality of 'all' that is natural
is, exactly, actualized human knowledge is
profoundly sparse, thus far, even though
theories abound.

Being that the investigation remains at a point
of unknowns and theory, along with occasional
enlightening discoveries like the accelerating
expansion of the particular universe we hap-
pen to reside in, it's no wonder that it's taken
so long to turn away from myths and religions
and to embark on a course in which science
is actively investigating the matter.

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On another front ...

Humans, the only intelligent sentient cogni-
zant beings anywhere, anywhen, -or- one
of many?

Unknown, yet.

How, exactly, did chemistry result in replicat-
ing matter and complex beings like us, being

Certainly, a lot more is known than what our
ancestors of the 18th century knew. Even
so, much remains to be discovered, and it's
science, not religion, that offers the most
estimable and provable path to the answer.

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Endless Universe


The Big Bang theory is widely regarded as the
leading explanation for the origin of the universe.

Yet, over the last three decades, the theory has
been revised repeatedly to address such issues
as how galaxies and stars first formed and why
the expansion of the universe is speeding up

Furthermore, no explanation has been found for
what caused the Big Bang in the first place.

In Endless Universe, Paul J. Steinhardt and Neil
Turok, both distinguished theoretical physicists,
critique the Big Bang theory and recount the
remarkable developments in astronomy, particle
physics, and superstring theory that form the
basis for a groundbreaking alternative, the “Cyclic
Universe” theory.

According to this theory, the Big Bang was not
the beginning of time but the bridge to a past filled
with endlessly repeating cycles of evolution, each
accompanied by the creation of new matter and
the formation of new galaxies, stars, and planets.

The authors explain why the ensuing debate be-
tween these two, radically different theories will
profoundly affect the future of cosmology and
perhaps science, in general.
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Universe(s) Origin(s) Preface

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 1 of 7
}}} String Theory / Infinities / Singularities {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 2 of 7
}}} No Origin of the Universe? {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 3 of 7
}}} Multiverse? {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 4 of 7
}}} Universes from Black Holes? {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 5 of 7
}}} Cyclic Universe? {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 6 of 7
}}} Einstein / Big Bang / Superstrings {{{

Universe(s) Origin(s) - 7 of 7
}}} Nothing / Everything {{{

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11 July 2007

Massive Research Project Nearing Completion
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The world's largest particle physics laboratory
is under construction on the border between
Switzerland and France.

At the heart is the Large Hadron Collider Particle
Accelerator being built by the European Organi-
zation for Nuclear Research (CERN).

Its members hope it will reveal secrets of the
universe and its formation.


The goal of the project is to discover the origin
of matter by replicating conditions just after "the
big bang."


The particle accelerator and collider is a 27 kilo-
meter tunnel, about 100 meters underground.


"This is a discovery machine.  It's built to make
discoveries and is going to tell us lots of new
things about the universe."

If all goes as planned, subatomic particles will
be accelerated around the tunnel next year,
eventually approach light speed, and smash
into one another.


"To me the most exciting thing is that we know
an awful lot about a small amount of the universe.
We understand the stars, the galaxies, the stuff
which makes up you and me, but we also know
from cosmology that is about four percent of
what must be out there, and this machine might
help us take steps in understanding the remain-
ing 96 percent of the universe."


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